Weapons in use by the Galloglas in their traditional duties
The Warpipes (the pipes are a weapon war, not a musical instrument)
The Irish basket hilted single edged broadsword with Royal Irish blue glove
The Scion worn by the Sparán (purse)
The Spárth tua, Galloglas battle-axe (carried by the Galloglas commander)
The Blackthorn carried by officers of the Galloglas.
Each gallowglass had a manservant to carry his coat of mail and a boy who looked after the food and did the cooking. The Gallowglass warriors stiffened the ranks of the native irish foot soldier or kerne. The MacSweenys were a successful gallowgall family, which acquired land in Donegal for their military services.
A number of Galloglas families became established in Ireland primarily with the Kings of Ulster (O'Neill and O'Donnell). Galloglas was a hereditary occupation passed with family septs from father to sun. The initial settlements were in Ulster.
- MacSúibhne (MacSweeney)
- MacDomhnaill (MacDonnell/MacDowell)
- MacSíothaigh (MacSheehy)
- MacDubhgaill (MacDougall)
- MacCaba (MacCabe)
- MacRuari (MacRory)
Lesser known Galloglas families are :
- MacAnGhearr (Short/ Shortt/McGirr)
- MacAilín (MacCawell/Campbell/MacCampbell/Allen/MacEllin)
- MacAlister (MacEllistrum/MacAllister/MacAlistrum)
The Clan of O'Mullan, which are still a numberous people in the 16th century in the country of O'Cahan, was formerly in the ranks of the O'Cahan Gallowglasses, but, becoming powerful themselves, withdrew their serves to the O'Cahans, and when opportunity presented itself often fought against their previous masters. The Battle of Ballyclose, 1523 AD now in the surburbs of Limavady saw a fierce encounter between the O'Mullans on one side and the O'Cahans and McCloskey on the other.